SELECTED MUSICAL TERMS

 

Accelerando - Gradually moving faster

Adagio - Slowly

Ad libitum - At will

Agitato - Agitated

Al fine - To the end

Alla marcia - In the style of a march

Allargando - Gradually moving slower

Allegretto - Moderately fast

Allegro - Fast

Al segno - The sign

Andante - Moderate, walking tempo

Animato - Brisk, animated

A piacere - At will, freely

Appassionata - With passion

Aria - Song

Arioso - Melodious

A tempo - At original speed

 

Bravura - Spirited

Brillante - Brilliantly

Brio - Firey, spirited

Buffa - Comic

 

Cadenza - An unaccompanied passage

Cantabile - In a singing manner

Capo - Beginning (of the music)

Capriccioso - Whimsical, capricious

Coda - A closing passage or section

Con - With

Con moto - With motion

Crescendo - Get louder gradually

 

Da capo - From the beginning

Dal segno - From the sign

Decrescendo - Get softer gradually

Diminuendo - Get softer gradually

Doppio - Twice as much

Da capo - From the beginning

Dal segno - From  the sign

Decrescendo - Get softer gradually

Diminuendo - Get softer gradually

Doppio - Twice as much

 

Espressivo - Expressively

Etwas - Somewhat

Fermata - Hold, pause

Fine - End

Forte - Loud

Fortissimo - As loud as possible

Forzando - With force

 

Grave - Serious, solemn

Grazioso - Gracefully

 

Immer - Always

Istesso tempo - Same speed

 

Lacrimoso - Mournful

Langsam - Slow

Larghetto - Moderately slow

Largo - Very slow

Legato - Smooth, attached

Leggiero - Delicate and light

Lento - Slow

Lontano - Distant

 

Maestoso - Majestically

Marcato - Marked, accented

Marcia - March

Massig - Moderate

Meno - Less

Mezzo - Moderately

Mezzo forte - Moderately loud

Mezzo piano - Moderately soft

Moderato - Moderate speed

Molto - Much

Nicht - Not

Nicht zu schnell - Not too fast

Niente - nothing

 

Ossia - Or

 

Pesante - Heavy

Pianissimo - As soft as possible

Piano - Soft

Piu mosso - More motion

Poco a poco - Little by little

Portato - Lengthened, sustained

Presto - Very fast

 

Quasi - Like, As if

 

Rallentando - Slowing down gradually

Ritardando - Slowing down gradually

Rubato - At will, give and take

 

Scherzo - Joke, playfully

Sempre - Always

Senza - Without

Sostenuto - Sustained

Sotto voce - With a soft voice

Spiritoso - Spirited

Staccato - Detached, short

Stringendo - Hurried, accelerating

Subito - Sudden

 

Tacet - Silent

Tempo - Speed

Tenuto - Hold, sustain

Tranquillo - Tranquil, peaceful

Tutti - All (play)

 

Vigoroso - Vigorous

Vivace - Lively, quickly