SELECTED MUSICAL TERMS


Accelerando - Gradually moving faster

Adagio - Slowly

Ad libitum - At will

Agitato - Agitated

Al fine - To the end

Alla marcia - In the style of a march

Allargando - Gradually moving slower

Allegretto - Moderately fast

Allegro - Fast

Al segno - The sign

Andante - Moderate, walking tempo

Animato - Brisk, animated

A piacere - At will, freely

Appassionata - With passion

Aria - Song

Arioso - Melodious

A tempo - At original speed


Bravura - Spirited

Brillante - Brilliantly

Brio - Firey, spirited

Buffa - Comic


Cadenza - An unaccompanied passage

Cantabile - In a singing manner

Capo - Beginning (of the music)

Capriccioso - Whimsical, capricious

Coda - A closing passage or section

Con - With

Con moto - With motion

Crescendo - Get louder gradually


Da capo - From the beginning

Dal segno - From the sign

Decrescendo - Get softer gradually

Diminuendo - Get softer gradually

Doppio - Twice as much

Da capo - From the beginning

Dal segno - From  the sign

Decrescendo - Get softer gradually

Diminuendo - Get softer gradually

Doppio - Twice as much


Espressivo - Expressively

Etwas - Somewhat

Fermata - Hold, pause

Fine - End

Forte - Loud

Fortissimo - As loud as possible

Forzando - With force


Grave - Serious, solemn

Grazioso - Gracefully


Immer - Always

Istesso tempo - Same speed


Lacrimoso - Mournful

Langsam - Slow

Larghetto - Moderately slow

Largo - Very slow

Legato - Smooth, attached

Leggiero - Delicate and light

Lento - Slow

Lontano - Distant


Maestoso - Majestically

Marcato - Marked, accented

Marcia - March

Massig - Moderate

Meno - Less

Mezzo - Moderately

Mezzo forte - Moderately loud

Mezzo piano - Moderately soft

Moderato - Moderate speed

Molto - Much

Nicht - Not

Nicht zu schnell - Not too fast

Niente - nothing


Ossia - Or


Pesante - Heavy

Pianissimo - As soft as possible

Piano - Soft

Piu mosso - More motion

Poco a poco - Little by little

Portato - Lengthened, sustained

Presto - Very fast


Quasi - Like, As if


Rallentando - Slowing down gradually

Ritardando - Slowing down gradually

Rubato - At will, give and take


Scherzo - Joke, playfully

Sempre - Always

Senza - Without

Sostenuto - Sustained

Sotto voce - With a soft voice

Spiritoso - Spirited

Staccato - Detached, short

Stringendo - Hurried, accelerating

Subito - Sudden


Tacet - Silent

Tempo - Speed

Tenuto - Hold, sustain

Tranquillo - Tranquil, peaceful

Tutti - All (play)


Vigoroso - Vigorous

Vivace - Lively, quickly